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Genetic diversity within and among aecia of the wheat rust fungus Puccinia striiformis on the alternate host Berberis vulgaris

New scientific article - Fungal Biology, April 2017

2017.06.01 | Jens Grønbech Hansen

Aeciospore recovery from a single aecial cup (cluster ID 8). (A): closed aecium before inoculation on wheat seedlings, (B): open aecium after 24 h incubation at 100 % relative humidity, (C): single urediniospore-lesions on wheat leaves 14–22 d after inoculation.

Abstract

An isolate of the fungus Puccinia striiformis, causing yellow (stripe) rust on cereals and grasses, was selfed on the alternate (sexual) host, Berberis vulgaris. This enabled us to investigate genetic variability of progeny isolates within and among aecia. Nine aecial clusters each consisting of an aecium (single aecial cup) and nine clusters containing multiple aecial cups were selected from 18 B. vulgaris leaves. Aeciospores from each cluster were inoculated on susceptible wheat seedlings and 64 progeny isolates were recovered. Molecular genotyping using 37 simple sequence repeat markers confirmed the parental origin of all progeny isolates. Thirteen molecular markers, which were heterozygous in the parental isolate, were used to analyse genetic diversity within and among aecial cups. The 64 progeny isolates resulted in 22 unique recombinant multilocus genotypes and none of them were resampled in different aecial clusters. Isolates derived from a single cup were always of the same genotype whereas isolates originating from clusters containing up to nine aecial cups revealed one to three genotypes per cluster. These results implied that each aecium was the result of a successful fertilization in a corresponding pycnium and that an aecium consisted of genetically identical aeciospores probably multiplied via repetitive mitotic divisions. Furthermore, the results suggested that aecia within a cluster were the result of independent fertilization events often involving genetically different pycniospores. The application of molecular markers represented a major advance in comparison to previous studies depending on phenotypic responses on host plants. The study allowed significant conclusions about fundamental aspects of the biology and genetics of an important cereal rust fungus.

 

Original Research ARTICLE

Fungal Biology, Available online 4 April 2017: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.funbio.2017.03.003

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Revised 04.09.2017